INHERITED METABOLIC DISORDERS
A myelodysplastic syndrome is a type of cancer in which the bone marrow does not make enough healthy blood cells and there are abnormal (blast) cells in the blood and / or bone marrow.
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are conditions that can occur when the blood-forming cells in the bone marrow are damaged. This damage leads to low numbers of one or more type of blood cells.
MDS is a spectrum of diseases which are characterised by anemia, thrombocytopenia and low white cell counts along with dysplasia (meaning abnormal looking) blood cells in both peripheral blood and bone marrow. They are early stages of leukemia. Many develop acute leukemia eventually, but most die because of bleeding or infections before development of leukemia.
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