Bone marrow transplantation (BMT) is a unique treatment for people diagnosed with cancer or other blood disorders. During a bone marrow transplant, stem cells which are often found in the bone marrow are removed, filtered, and then either returned to the patient or the donor. After a person’s bad bone marrow has been treated to eradicate the aberrant cells, the aim of bone marrow transplantation (BMT) is to transplant healthy bone marrow cells into the patient.
The soft, fat-filled space between your bones is called bone marrow. It forms the following blood components:
- Red blood cells: which transport oxygen and nutrients throughout the body.
- white blood cells: which combat infections.
- Platelets: which cause clots to form.
Types of Bone Marrow Transplant
- Autologous Bone Marrow Transplant: In this process, the patient serves as the donor. Apheresis or bone marrow harvest is used to extract the healthy stem cells. After that, these cells are frozen and utilized in the operation.
- Allogeneic Bone Marrow Transplant: In this procedure, the donor provides stem cells that are genetically matched to the patient’s marrow. The donor may therefore be a relative. National Bone Marrow Registries can assist in finding a donor who is not related to the recipient.
- Transplants of Umbilical Cord Blood: These stem cells are extracted from an umbilical cord following a baby’s birth. The cells are carefully frozen after being counted, tested, and typed. Throughout the bone marrow transplant, the cells are helpful. Compared to stem cells from children or adults, these cells are healthier.
Who May Need A Bone Marrow Transplant?
A bone marrow transplant may be advised for those with illnesses or disorders that affect the formation of red blood cells or impair immunological function. The following are some typical indications for this procedure:
- Leukaemia: As part of the treatment strategy, patients with certain types of leukemia, such as acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML), may need a bone marrow transplant.
- Aplastic Anaemia: A bone marrow transplant may be an option for treatment if the bone marrow is unable to produce enough red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.
- Lymphoma: A bone marrow transplant may be necessary for aggressive forms of lymphoma, such as non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma or Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
- Inherited Hereditary Disorders: Bone marrow transplantation is beneficial for inherited hereditary conditions including sickle cell anemia, thalassemia, and severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID).
- Other Blood Cancers and Abnormalities: A bone marrow transplant may also be necessary for several illnesses, such as certain immune system abnormalities, multiple myeloma, and myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS).
Youtube Video:- BONE MARROW/ STEM CELL TRANSPLANT PROCEDURE in INDIA
How is The Match Between a Donor And a Recipient Made?
Matching requires typing human leukocyte antigen (HLA) tissue. The genetic composition of an individual’s immune system is determined by the antigens on the surface of these unique white blood cells. Although there are at least 100 HLA antigens, it is thought that only a few key antigens are necessary to establish if a donor and recipient are compatible. Because of their “minor” status, the others’ impact on a successful transplant is less clear.
The function of all antigens in the bone marrow transplant procedure is still being studied medically. The better the donor marrow engrafts, the more antigens match. When the given cells enter the bone marrow and start producing new blood cells, this process is known as engrafting of the stem cells.
The majority of the genes that “code” for the human immune system are found on a single chromosome. There is a one in four chance that a full sibling of a patient requiring a transplant may share the same set of chromosomes and be a “full match” for transplantation because we only have two copies of each chromosome, one from each of our parents.
Bone Marrow Transplant Cost in India
Bone Marrow Transplant Cost in India starts from INR 9 Lakh to INR 40 Lakh ($10,500 to $48000). However, the actual cost of the Bone Marrow Transplant Cost in India will depend on which type of BMT procedure has been advised for you. And, for individuals seeking high-quality care without sacrificing financial responsibility, India is a desirable travel destination due to its favorable exchange rates and affordable medical costs.
Following below is an estimated price for a bone marrow transplant in India, broken down by procedure type:
|Autologous Bone Marrow Transplant cost in India
|Starting from 16,000 USD
|Allogeneic Bone Marrow Transplant cost in India
|Starting from 27,500USD
|Haplo – Allogeneic Bone Marrow Transplant cost India
|Starting from 39,500USD
Factors That Can Affect Bone Marrow Transplant Cost in India
- Hospital reputation and infrastructure.
- The expertise and experience of medical professionals.
- The type and frequency of diagnostic procedures.
- The choice of treatment modality.
- Medication costs.
- Duration of treatment.
- Geographical location.
- Hospitalization expenses.
- Government policies and subsidies.
- Medical tourism packages.
Understanding these factors allows patients and healthcare providers to navigate the landscape of bone marrow transplant costs in India, making informed decisions based on their specific needs and preferences.
Why India is a Better Option For Treating Bone Marrow Transplant?
India is a well-known country that has some of the best doctors and hospitals in the world when it comes to treating every type of disease and not only that it is also a sought-after destination for bone marrow transplants. The country is known for world-class medical facilities equipped with cutting-edge technology and has experts and skilled healthcare professionals. India provides cost-effective treatment when compared to many Western countries making it an attractive option for international patients and individuals that are seeking high-quality healthcare at an affordable price.
Indian hospitals are known to have achieved commendable success rates in bone marrow transplants and are on par with top hospitals around the globe, coupled with stringent quality standards and ensuring favorable outcomes for patients. Furthermore, Indian hospitals have shorter waiting times for patients waiting for a bone marrow transplant compared to some other regions, ensuring that patients receive timely treatment. It also provides a wide range of treatment options for patients catering to different patient needs.
How Can BMT Clinic Help In Your Treatment Search?
BMT Clinic is an esteemed organization for patients seeking physicians, medical facilities, and specialized care. We’ll identify the best medical options for you. Our staff will provide you with a list of licensed, respectable, and trustworthy physicians and hospitals based on your medical issues. We also provide a treatment plan that is affordable for you. In addition, we help patients with a variety of other matters, such as obtaining medical visas and travel authorization.